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Location Indonesia, Kalimantan Barat
Central coordinates 112o 10.00' East  0o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 80,000 ha
Altitude 100 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Located in Kapuas Tengah and regarded as main priority for wetland protection (Scott & Poole 1989). Danau Sentarum is the second Ramsar site in Indonesia (D'Cruz & O'Gallaghan 1994). The area covers around 80000 ha which consist of lakes and floodplains. This area is very important for hydrology system of Kapuas.

Key Biodiversity Breeding colony of waterbirds, and there are records of Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi from this area. Stork family is difficult to find in this area. Follow-up survey is needed in the lowland forest and slope forest. The threatened White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni, probably lives in this area (van Balen personal communication in Sozer & van der Heijden 1997).

Non-bird biodiversity: Hylobates muelleri, Nasalis larvatus, Pongo pygmaeus, Helarctos malayanus, Aonyx cinerea, Neofelis nebulosa, Crocodylus porosus, Tomistoma schlegelii, Scleropages formosus (Scott 1989, MacKinnon 1996, Wibowo & Suyatno 1998).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bulwer's Pheasant Lophura bulweri resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bornean Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri resident  2001  present  A1  Endangered 
Black Partridge Melanoperdix niger resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Crimson-headed Partridge Haematortyx sanguiniceps resident  2001  present  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2001  present  A1  Endangered 
Wallace's Hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bonaparte's Nightjar Caprimulgus concretus resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2001  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2004 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Danau Sentarum National Park 132,000 is identical to site 80,000  
Danau Sentarum Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 80,000 is identical to site 80,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Wildlife Sanctuary (80000 ha). Proposed for extention with the same status (Anon 1995). Declare as Danau Sentarum National Park (132000 ha) based on SK Menhutbun No. 34/Kpts-II/99 on 4 February 1999 (Anon 2000)

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Kalimantan (5A-D). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1995. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Anon. 2000. Statistik Perlindungan dan Konservasi Alam. Departemen Kehutanan , Jakarta.MacKinnon, K., Hatta, G., Halim, H., and Mangalik, A. 1996. The Ecology of Kalimantan: Indonesian Borneo. The Ecology of Indonesia Series, Vol. 3. Singapore: Periplus Edition.Scott, D.A. 1989. A Directory of Asian Wetlands. Compiled for WWF, IUCN, ICBP & IWRB, IUCN, the World Conservation Union.Sozer, R & van der Heijden, A.J.W.J. 1997. An overview of the distribution, status and behavioural ecology of the White-shouldered Ibis in East Kalimantan. Kukila 9:126-140.Wibowo, P. & Suyatno, N. 1998. An overview of Indonesian Wetland Sites - II: an update information - Included in the Indonesian Wetland Database. Wetlands Intenational-Indonesia Programme/PHPA; Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Danau Sentarum. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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