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Location Indonesia, Jawa Timur
Central coordinates 114o 22.00' East  7o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 25,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,250m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)



Site description Located 124 km east of Jember in the driest part of Java, Baluran has the peak and caldera of Baluran Mountain which linked with Ijen area, 35 km sout-hest. There are some small islands on the east coast between Air Karang and Tanjung Candibang, and the north part there is a rocky formation between Gatal and Bilik

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Javan Hawk-eagle Nisaetus bartelsi 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Endangered 
Black-winged Starling Sturnus melanopterus unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 
Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Baluran National Park 25,000 is identical to site 25,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity Bos javanicus, Cuon alpinus, Panthera pardus and Trachypithecus auratus (Nijman 1997, Hedges & Tyson 1996, Whitten et.al.1996). Erythrina cuodophylla is the endemic flora of Java (MacKinnon et.al.1982).

Protection status 25000 ha of this area declared as national park based on SK Menteri Kehutanan No.279/Kpts-VI/97 on 23 May 1997 (Anon 1997, Anon 1998).

References Anon. 1997. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1996/1997. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Hedges, S. and Tyson, M. 1996. Is Predation by Ajag a Threat to the Banteng Population in Alas Purwo? Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gajah Mada, Indonesia. [laporan awal]MacKinnon, J., Smiet, F., and Artha, M.B. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Vol. III: Java and Bali. UNDP/FAO. Bogor.Nijman, V. 1997. On the Occurrence of Presbytis comata Desmarest, 1822 (Mammalia: Primates: Cercopithecidae) on Java, Indonesia. Contr. Zool 66:247-356.Whitten, A.J., Soeriaatmadja, R.E. and Afiff, S.A. 1996. The Ecology of Java and Bali. Periplus edition, Singapore.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Baluran. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014

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