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Location Indonesia, Banten
Central coordinates 105o 19.00' East  6o 46.00' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 76,214 ha
Altitude 0 - 623m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Lies on the west of Java, Ujung Kulon is located around 78 km south-west of Pandeglang. Ujung Kulon has of some offshore islands, and the biggest two are Peucang and Panaitan. Ujung Kulon has one of the largest remaining natural forest in Java.Ujung Kulon is also well klnown as the last place in Indonesia for Javan Rhino.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Bos javanicus, Cuon alpinus, Panthera pardus, Rhinoceros sondaicus, Sus verrucosus, Hylobates moloch, Presbytis comata and Trachypithecus auratus. Chelonia mydas, Dermochelys coriacea and Eretmochelys imbricata use the beach for laying eggs (Hedges & Tyson 1996, Whitten

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Christmas Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Javan Hawk-eagle Nisaetus bartelsi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Javan Coucal Centropus nigrorufus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ujung Kulon National Park 122,956 protected area contains site 76,214  
Ujung Kulon National Park World Heritage Site 123,051 protected area contains site 76,214  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Shrubland   -
Grassland   -
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Declared as National Park (122956 ha; 76214 ha land and 46742 waters) based on SK Menteri Kehutanan No. 284/Kpts-II/92 on 26 February 1992, and declares as 'World Heritage' (Anon 1997).

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Anon. 1997. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1996/1997. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Hedges, S. and Tyson, M. 1996. Is Predation by Ajag a Threat to the Banteng Population in Alas Purwo? Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gajah Mada, Indonesia. [laporan awal]Hommel, P.W.F.M. 1987. Lanscape-Ecology of Ujung Kulon (West Java, Indonesia). Soil Survey Institute, Wageningen.MacKinnon, J., Smiet, F., and Artha, M.B. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Vol. III: Java and Bali. UNDP/FAO. Bogor.Whitten, A.J., Soeriaatmadja, R.E. and Afiff, S.A. 1996. The Ecology of Java and Bali. Periplus edition, Singapore.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ujung Kulon. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016

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