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Location Indonesia, DKI Jakarta
Central coordinates 106o 41.00' East  5o 58.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 18 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Pulau Rambut (Rambut Island) is a small coral island. This area has the biggest breeding colonies of waterbirds in West Java (Silvius

Key Biodiversity It is estimated that around 11450 waterbirds (Lambert & Erftemeijer 1989) live in this area. This area is one breeding site of Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea and other waterbirds of West Java (Silvius, Pakpahan

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Christmas Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2012 high unfavourable high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pulau Dua Game Reserve 90 protected area contains site 18  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major
Forest Mangrove forest (tropical)  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Declared as Natural Reserve (18 ha) based on GB No. 7 Stbl. 245 on 3 May1939 (Anon 1997, Anon 1998). Declare as Wildlife Sanctuary (90 ha) based on Menhutbun No. 275/Kpts-II/1999 on 7 May 1999 (Anon 2000)

References Anon. 1997. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1996/1997. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Anon. 2000. Statistik Perlindungan dan Konservasi Alam Tahun 2000. Departemen Kehutanan, Jakarta.Directorate General of Tourism. tanpa tahun. Indonesia, National Park and Nature Reserve. Directorate General of Tourism, Jakarta.Lambert, F. and Erftemeijer, P. 1988. Report on the Waterbirds of Pulau Rambut. Asian Wetland Bureau, Bogor.MacKinnon, J., Smiet, F., and Artha, M.B. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Vol. III: Java and Bali. UNDP/FAO. Bogor.Pakpahan, A., Hernowo, J.B., and Mahmud, D.A. 1992. Penyebaran Burung-burung Merandai di Cagar Alam Pulau Rambut. Media Konservasi 3(4): 47-53.Silvius, M.J., Djuharsa, E., Taufik, A. W., Steeman, A.P.J.M, and Berczy, E.T. 1987. The Indonesian Wetland Inventory: A Preliminary Compilation of Information on Wetlands of Indonesia. PHPA-AWB/Interweder & Edwin, Indonesia.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pulau Rambut. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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