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Location Indonesia, Jawa Barat
Central coordinates 106o 58.00' East  6o 46.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 21,976 ha
Altitude 500 - 3,019m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description This area consist of Gunung Gede (2958 m) which is an active volcano and Gunung Pangrango (3019 m). These 2 mountains linked by a flat ridge with 2400 m elevation. The last eruption of Gunung Gede was in 1948. This area is one of the wetest area in Java.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Panthera pardus, Hylobates moloch, Presbytis comata and Trachypithecus auratus (Nijman & Sozer 1995, Anon 1996, Hedges & Tyson 1996, Whitten 1996, Nijman 1997).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Javan Hawk-eagle Nisaetus bartelsi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Javan Scops-owl Otus angelinae resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Javan Trogon Apalharpactes reinwardtii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Javan Cochoa Cochoa azurea resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2012 high favourable high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park 15,000 protected area contained by site 15,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Grassland   -
Other   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -

Protection status 15196 ha of this area declared as National Park on 6 March 1980 (Hartarti 1994, Anon 1997).

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Anon. 1996. Mount Gede Pangrango National Park. P.T. Cahaya Berlian Lestari, Bandung.Anon. 1997. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1996/1997. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Hartarti, B., Rauf, K., Siubelan, H., Istanto, Afrizal, M.M., Triatmojo, A.C., Darsono, T. and Sutaryono, D. 1994. Dua belas Taman Nasional di Indonesia. Direktorat Bina Kawasan Pelestarian Alam, Dirjen PHPA, Jakarta.Hedges, S. and Tyson, M. 1996. Is Predation by Ajag a Threat to the Banteng Population in Alas Purwo? Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gajah Mada, Indonesia. [laporan awal]MacKinnon, J., Smiet, F., and Artha, M.B. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Vol. III: Java and Bali. UNDP/FAO. Bogor.Nijman, V. 1997. On the Occurrence of Presbytis comata Desmarest, 1822 (Mammalia: Primates: Cercopithecidae) on Java, Indonesia. Contr. Zool 66:247-356.Nijman, V. and Sozer, R. 1995. Recent Observation of the Grizzled Leaf Monkey (Presbytis comata) and an Extension of the Range of the Javan Gibbon (Hylobathes moloch) in Central Java. Tropical Biodiversity 3(I): 45-48.Whitten, A.J., Damanik, S.J., Anwar, J. and Hisyam, N. 1987. The Ecology of Sumatra. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gunung Gede-Pangrango. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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