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Location Indonesia, Jawa Barat
Central coordinates 106o 26.00' East  6o 43.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,929m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)



Site description This area has high rainfall and has important hydrological function, because this area is on the upper stream of Cisadane river. Badui people live in the western part of this area, and still practise their tradisional lifestyle without influence from outside (Whitten personal communication.1991). There are around 44 villages around of area (data in 1976). Some of villages are located inside the buffer zone of Halimun National Park, and 4 villages is in the enclave (Directorate General of Tourism , undated).

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Cuon alpinus, Panthera pardus, Hylobates moloch, Presbytis comata, Trachypithecus auratus (MacKinnon et.al. 1982, Hedges & Tyson 1996, Whitten et.al. 1996)

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Javan Hawk-eagle Nisaetus bartelsi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Javan Scops-owl Otus angelinae resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Javan Trogon Apalharpactes reinwardtii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Javan Cochoa Cochoa azurea resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Halimun National Park 40,000 is identical to site 40,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Declared as National Park (40000 ha) based on SK. Menteri Kehutanan No. 282/Kpts-II/92 on 26 February 1992 (Anon 1997, Anon 1998). Merged with Gunung Salak (IBA JID12) as Halimun-Salak National Park based on SK Menhut No. 175, on 10 June 2003 (Kompas, 2003).

References Anon. 1997. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1996/1997. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Directorate General of Tourism. tanpa tahun. Indonesia, National Park and Nature Reserve. Directorate General of Tourism, Jakarta.Hedges, S. and Tyson, M. 1996. Is Predation by Ajag a Threat to the Banteng Population in Alas Purwo? Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gajah Mada, Indonesia. [laporan awal]MacKinnon, J., Smiet, F., and Artha, M.B. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Vol. III: Java and Bali. UNDP/FAO. Bogor.Whitten, A.J., Soeriaatmadja, R.E. and Afiff, S.A. 1996. The Ecology of Java and Bali. Periplus edition, Singapore.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gunung Halimun. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2014

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