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Location Indonesia, Jawa Barat
Central coordinates 107o 30.00' East  7o 10.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 23,750 ha
Altitude 1,200 - 2,177m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)



Site description Located around 25 km south of Bandung. A mountainous area consists of several extinct volcanoes: Gunung Tilu, Gunung Waringin, Gunung Cureuh, Gunung Simpang and Puncak Walang and Bojonglarang Jayanti (MacKinnon et.al.1982).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Javan Hawk-eagle Nisaetus bartelsi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Javan Trogon Apalharpactes reinwardtii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Javan Cochoa Cochoa azurea resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bojong Larang Jayanti Nature Reserve 750 protected area contained by site 750  
Gunung Simpang Nature Reserve 15,000 protected area contained by site 15,000  
Gunung Tilu Nature Reserve 8,000 protected area contained by site 8,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity Cuon alpinus, Panthera pardus, Hylobates moloch, Presbytis comata, Trachipithecus auratus (Asquith et.al.1995, Hedges & Tyson 1996, Whitten et.al.1997).Pupisoma tiluanum is an endemic snail of Java that probably only found in this site. The important flora is Rafflesia spp., Rhizanthes zippelii, and the endemic bamboo Nastus elegantissimus (Whitten et.al. 1996).

Protection status There are 3 conservation areas in this site:- Gunung Simpang (15000 ha) declared as Nature Reserve based on SK Menteri Pertanian No.41/Kpts/Um/I/1979 on 11 January 1979. - Gunung Tilu (8000 ha) declared as Nature Reserve based on SK Menteri Pertanian No.68/Kpts/2/78 on 7 February 1978.- Bojonglarang Jayanti (750 ha) declared as Nature Reserve based on SK Menteri Pertanian No.516/Kpts/Um/10/73 on 10 October 1973.(MacKinnon et.al.1982, Anon 1989, Anon 1997, Anon 1998).

References Anon. 1989a. Peta ReppproT Jawa dan Bali. Bakosurtanal, Bogor.Anon. 1997. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1996/1997. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Asquith, N.M., Martarinza. And Sinaga, R.M. 1995. The Javan Gibbon (Hylobathes moloch): Status and conservation recommendation. Tropical Biodiversity 3(1): 1-14.Hedges, S. and Tyson, M. 1996. Is Predation by Ajag a Threat to the Banteng Population in Alas Purwo? Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gajah Mada, Indonesia. [laporan awal]Lembaga Ekologi Universitas Padjadjaran. 1980. Management Plan 1980-1985 Cagar Alam Gunung Tilu. Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung.MacKinnon, J., Smiet, F., and Artha, M.B. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Vol. III: Java and Bali. UNDP/FAO. Bogor.Whitten, A.J., Soeriaatmadja, R.E. and Afiff, S.A. 1996. The Ecology of Java and Bali. Periplus edition, Singapore.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gunung Tilu-Simpang. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/07/2014

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