|Central coordinates||105o 15.00' East 4o 28.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description This floodplain becomes a shallow lake every rainy season. This area is important for hydrological control, mostly because there are new transmigration settlement at the down stream. This area located along the Tulang Bawang River from Menggala. The valley in Rawa Tenuk has open seasonal swamps. Mouth of Rawa Tenuk covered by water hyacinth on certain seasons.Originally Tulang Bawang area covers 86000 ha, which located between estuary and Menggala city in Lampung provinve. Around 90% consist of wooden swamp, Melaleuca secondary forest, and almost 10% mangrove forest and remaining riparian forest. Transmigration project in this area has caused 1/4 of mangrove forest converted into agriculture canals. 60% of mangrove forest converted into brackish pond (Giesen 1991)
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Javan Pond-heron Ardeola speciosa||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great White Egret Ardea alba||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster||resident||2004||present||-||A4i||Near Threatened|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Riverine floodplains||80%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity There are Cervus unicolor, Helarctos malayanus, Macaca fascicularis, Macaca nemestrina and Presbytis cristata in this area (Giesen 1991a)
Protection status This area including Rawa Tenuk, Rawa Bakung, Rawa Bungur, Bawang Belimbing and Bawang Lambu Purus with the total area of 12100 ha has a status as Game Reserve. Meanwhile the area of Rawa Pacing (600 ha) and Rantau Kandis (900 ha) has the status as Nature Reserve.
References Giesen, W. 1991. Tulang Bawang swamps, Lampung. PHPA/AWB Sumatra Wetland Project Report No. 15, Bogor.Holmes, D. 1977. A report on the White-winged Wood Duck in southern Sumatra. Wildfowl 28: 61-64.Holmes, D.A. and Noor, Y.R. 1995. Discovery of waterbird colonies in North Lampung, Sumatra. Kukila 7(2): 121-128Lambert, F.R. 1988. The status of the White-winged Duck in Sumatra, Indonesia. A preliminary assesment. PHPA-AWB/Interwader Report No. 4.Marle, J.G. van and Voous, K.H. 1988. The birds of Sumatra: an annotated check-list. British Ornithologists Union Check-list No. 10. Tring, UK.Noor, Y.R., Giesen, W., Hanafiah, E.W., and Silvius, M.J. 1994. Reconnaissance survey of the Western Tulang Bawang swamps, Lampung, Sumatra. PHPA/AWB-Indonesia, Bogor.Verheugt, W.J.M., Skov, H. and Danielsen, F. 1993. Notes on birds of the tidal lowlands and floodplains of South Sumatra. Kukila 6(2): 53-84.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rawa Tulang Bawang. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2014
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