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Location Indonesia, Bengkulu,Lampung
Central coordinates 104o 6.00' East  5o 10.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 365,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description The third largest National Park in Sumatra which located on the south-west of Sumatra.

Key Biodiversity Although some threatened wetland birds such Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilus javanicus and White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata exist in this area, but this area is characteristized with restricted-range bird species and bird species in medium-high level altitude. Two restricted-range bird species identified near Liwa are Black-crowned Pitta Pitta venusta and Trichastoma buettikoferi. Along the beach in Belimbing Beach Thick-knee Burhinus giganteus (the only record for Sumatra ?).

Non-bird biodiversity: Aonyx cinerea, Cervus unicolor, Dicerorninus sumatraensis, Elephas maximus, Helarctos malayanus, Hylobates agilis, Hystrix bracyura, Hylobates syndactylus, Lutra sumatrana, Martes flavigula, Neofelis nebulosa, Panthera tigris, Presbytis cristata, Presbytis melalophos and Tapirus indicus (O'Brien & Kinnaird 1996, Verbelen 2000).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Wallace's Hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Large Green-pigeon Treron capellei resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Javan Trogon Apalharpactes reinwardtii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Alcedo euryzona resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Graceful Pitta Pitta venusta resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park 365,000 is identical to site 365,000  
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra World Heritage Site 2,595,125 protected area contains site 365,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Other   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Declared as National Park (365000 ha) on 14 October 1982 based on SK Mentan No. 736/Mentan/X/82 (Anon 1998).

References Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.O'Brien, T & Kinnaird, M.F. 1996. Birds and Mammals of the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Oryx 30 (3): 207-217.O'Brien, T., Kinnaird, M.F., Sunarto, Dwiyahreni, A.A., Rombang, W.M. and Anggraeni, K. 1998. Effects of the 1997 fires on the forest and wildlife of the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Sumatra. Wildlife Conservation Society, Working Paper No. 13.Verbelen, F. 2000. Annotated checklist of bird seen in Sumatra. [tidak dipublikasi].

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bukit Barisan Selatan. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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