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Location Indonesia, Lampung
Central coordinates 105o 45.00' East  4o 56.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 130,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 16m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Located on the eastern coast of Lampung province around 60 km north-east of Bandar Lampung. This area has an elephant training center and one of the most popular tourist destination in Lampung.This area is described to has the real lowland forest, with maximum elevation 16 m asl.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Wallace's Hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Large Green-pigeon Treron capellei resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bonaparte's Nightjar Caprimulgus concretus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Alcedo euryzona resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Way Kambas National Park 130,000 is identical to site 130,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Forest Mangrove forest (tropical)  minor
Grassland Secondary grassland  60%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity Lowland mammals in this area include Aonyx cinerea, Callosciurus prevostii, Catopuma temminckii, Cervus unicolor, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis, Elephas maximus, Felis bengalensis, Hystrix brachyura, Neofelis nebulosa, Panthera tigris sumatrae, Tapirus indicus.This area also supports high number of primates including Hylobates agilis, Hylobates syndactylus and Presbytis cristata. Reptiles including Crocodylus porosus, Tomistoma schlegelii and Python reticulatus (Colijn 1999, Verbelen 2000)

Protection status Declared as Protected Forest in 1937 and the status has been changed as National Park (130000 ha) based on SK Menhut No. 444/Kpts-II/1989.

References Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, D.A. 1996. Sumatra Bird Report. Kukila 8: 9-56.Holmes, D.A. and Noor, Y.R. 1995. Discovery of waterbird colonies in North Lampung, Sumatra. Kukila 7(2): 121-128Lambert, F.R. 1988. The status of the White-winged Duck in Sumatra, Indonesia. A preliminary assesment. PHPA-AWB/Interwader Report No. 4.Magantara, E.N. 1993. Status dan Ekologi Bebek Hutan Bersayap Putih Cairina scutulata Muller 1840 di Taman Nasional Way Kambas FMIPA-Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung.Parrot, S. and Andrew, P. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of Way Kambas National Park, Sumatra. Kukila 8: 57-85.Tim Ekspedisi Cairina scutulata 4 HIMBIO UNPAD. 1995. Beberapa aspek ekologi mentok rimba Cairina scutulata Muller 1840, di Taman Nasional Way Kambas, Propinsi Lampung, Indonesia. HIMBIO-UNPAD, Bandung.Verbelen, F. 2000. Annotated checklist of bird seen in Sumatra. [tidak dipublikasi].Verheugt, W.J.M., Skov, H. and Danielsen, F. 1993. Notes on birds of the tidal lowlands and floodplains of South Sumatra. Kukila 6(2): 53-84.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Way Kambas. Downloaded from on 22/09/2014

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