|Central coordinates||125o 35.00' East 8o 15.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 995m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description Small patches of tropical semi-evergreen and montane forest on the steep ridges and upper slopes (at 700–970 m) of Mount Manucoco are an important biogeographic representation of these habitat types. These forests occur on topographically protected slopes of Mount Manucoco and cover about 40 km2. Atauro is a member of the Inner Banda Arc of islands (in contrast to Timor which is part of the Outer Arc) which includes the volcanic islands of Lombok through to the Banda islands (Monk et al. 1997). There are no active volcanoes: the landscape is dominated by highly eroded Tertiary (Mio-Pliocene) volcanoes of submarine origin with dissected narrow ridges peaking on Mount Manucoco (995 m) and extensive uplifted coralline reef to 600 m (Monk et al. 1997). There is a broad fringing reef (typically 30–150 m wide), but limited development of alluvial plains and no freshwater wetlands, tidal rivers or extensive mangrove. Newly opened (with corn, peanuts, coconut, bananas, papaya and other fruit trees) and older regenerating swidden fields are dominant near villages but there are remains relatively extensive remnants of dry and evergreen tropical forest (particularly on mountain peaks and gullies) and natural grassy savannas woodlands dominated by Eucalyptus alba (authors’ observations).
Key Biodiversity Fourteen restricted-range species have been recorded in this IBA, including during a 10-day survey in November–December 2003 (Ora 2000, Trainor et al. 2004, Trainor and Soares 2004, Trainor and Leitão in press). The Endangered Timor Green-pigeon is listed for this IBA on the basis of reports by local people, but this has not yet been verified by direct observations.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Dusky Cuckoo-dove Macropygia magna||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Black Cuckoo-dove Turacoena modesta||resident||2007||present||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Timor Green-pigeon Treron psittaceus||resident||2007||present||-||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Pink-headed Imperial-pigeon Ducula rosacea||resident||2007||present||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Olive-headed Lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Olive-brown Oriole Oriolus melanotis||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Timor Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus presbytes||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange-banded Thrush Zoothera peronii||resident||2007||present||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Red-chested Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Flame-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia solaris||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Tricoloured Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor||-||2007||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Manucoco||Protected Wild Area||0||is identical to site||14,118|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||minor|
Protection status Proposed as a Recreation Park by FAO/UNDP (1982). According to Ora (2000) forest on Atauro Island was designated as Nature Sanctuary (Suaka Alam) (No.1062, 7 December 1990). Recognised as ‘Manucoco Protected Wild Area’ by UNTAET (2000) under Regulation Number 2000/19.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Atauro Island-Manucoco. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/04/2015
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