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Location Timor-Leste, Dili
Central coordinates 125o 35.00' East  8o 15.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 14,118 ha
Altitude 0 - 995m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description Small patches of tropical semi-evergreen and montane forest on the steep ridges and upper slopes (at 700–970 m) of Mount Manucoco are an important biogeographic representation of these habitat types. These forests occur on topographically protected slopes of Mount Manucoco and cover about 40 km2. Atauro is a member of the Inner Banda Arc of islands (in contrast to Timor which is part of the Outer Arc) which includes the volcanic islands of Lombok through to the Banda islands (Monk et al. 1997). There are no active volcanoes: the landscape is dominated by highly eroded Tertiary (Mio-Pliocene) volcanoes of submarine origin with dissected narrow ridges peaking on Mount Manucoco (995 m) and extensive uplifted coralline reef to 600 m (Monk et al. 1997). There is a broad fringing reef (typically 30–150 m wide), but limited development of alluvial plains and no freshwater wetlands, tidal rivers or extensive mangrove. Newly opened (with corn, peanuts, coconut, bananas, papaya and other fruit trees) and older regenerating swidden fields are dominant near villages but there are remains relatively extensive remnants of dry and evergreen tropical forest (particularly on mountain peaks and gullies) and natural grassy savannas woodlands dominated by Eucalyptus alba (authors’ observations).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Dusky Cuckoo-dove Macropygia magna 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Black Cuckoo-dove Turacoena modesta resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Timor Green-pigeon Treron psittaceus resident  2007  present  A1, A2  Endangered 
Pink-headed Imperial-pigeon Ducula rosacea resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Olive-headed Lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Olive-brown Oriole Oriolus melanotis 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus presbytes 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Orange-banded Thrush Zoothera peronii resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Red-chested Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Flame-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia solaris 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Tricoloured Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Manucoco Protected Wild Area 0 is identical to site 14,118  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor

Protection status Proposed as a Recreation Park by FAO/UNDP (1982). According to Ora (2000) forest on Atauro Island was designated as Nature Sanctuary (Suaka Alam) (No.1062, 7 December 1990). Recognised as ‘Manucoco Protected Wild Area’ by UNTAET (2000) under Regulation Number 2000/19.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Atauro Island-Manucoco. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife