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Location Indonesia, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
Central coordinates 96o 4.00' East  2o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 180,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 630m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Describes as forsted hills up to 576 m asl. The site includes two fresh-water lakes: Danau Laut Tawar and Danau Etutuk, both reported to be rich in fish and crocodiles(Colijn 1999)

Key Biodiversity Secondary Endemic Bird Area selected based on Simeulue Scops-Owl Otus umbra and Silvery Wood-Pigeon Columba argentina present in this area (Stattersfield 1998). The important species in this area is Simeulue Scops-Owl Otus umbra the endemic species of Simeulue. This area also as habitat sub-species Psittacula alexandri cala that knows only live between Simeulue and Nias.

Non-bird biodiversity: Reported the endemic snake species Calamaria modesta live in this area , and there is some of turtles species (Colijn 1999). Other important fauna is Crocodylus porosus, Chelonia mydas, Eretmochelys imbricata, Dermochelys coriaceae, Dugong dugon and Varanus salvator (Colijn 1999).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Forest Mangrove forest (tropical)  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

Protection status 25700 ha of this area proposed as Wildlife Sanctuary at altitude between 0-332 m0-332 m asl.

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Colijn, E.O. 1999. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL: Visited on July, 1 1999.Holmes, D.A. 1994. A review of the land birds of the West Sumatran Islands. Kukila 7(1): 28-46.Mitchell, A.H. 1981. Report on a survey of Pulau Simeulue, Aceh, with a proposal for a Suaka Margasatwa. Report to World Wildlife Fund, Project 1517.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pulau Simeulue. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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