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Location Timor-Leste, Cova Lima
Central coordinates 125o 12.00' East  9o 20.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 22,708 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description This IBA is dominated by tropical deciduous forest on limestone hills, with patches of evergreen forest along perennial springs at the base of a rocky hill. Most coastal forest has been converted to rice and agriculture, but a small freshwater wetland and well-vegetated saline lagoons are present along the coast. This site is known in Indonesian as ‘Hutan Tilomar’ (‘Tilomar Forest’) (RTK 34) (Ora 2000).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Dusky Cuckoo-dove Macropygia magna 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Black Cuckoo-dove Turacoena modesta resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Wetar Ground-dove Alopecoenas hoedtii resident  2007  present  A1, A2  Endangered 
Pink-headed Imperial-pigeon Ducula rosacea resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Jonquil Parrot Aprosmictus jonquillaceus resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher Todiramphus australasia resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Streaky-breasted Honeyeater Meliphaga reticulata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Plain Friarbird Philemon inornatus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Myzomela Myzomela vulnerata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Figbird Sphecotheres viridis 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Olive-brown Oriole Oriolus melanotis 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Buff-banded Grassbird Buettikoferella bivittata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus presbytes 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted White-eye Heleia muelleri resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Orange-banded Thrush Zoothera peronii resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
White-bellied Bushchat Saxicola gutturalis resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Timor Blue-flycatcher Cyornis hyacinthinus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Red-chested Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Flame-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia solaris 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Tricoloured Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Sparrow Padda fuscata resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea resident  2007  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tilomar Reserve 12,800 protected area contained by site 12,800  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major

Protection status Originally proposed as a reserve specifically to protect Sandalwood Santalum album by the Portuguese in 1967, and later proclaimed by the Governor of East Timor (FAO/UNDP 1982). It was proposed as a Wildlife Sanctuary (Suaka Margasatwa) by FAO/UNDP (1982) to conserve examples of endemic flora and fauna. Tilomar Reserve was recognised by UNTAET (2000) as a site of conservation significance under Regulation Number 2000/19.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tilomar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2014

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