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Location Indonesia, Jambi
Central coordinates 103o 57.00' East  1o 0.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 22,125 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Main function of this area is to protect swamp forest.Tidal mudflats stretched along of coastal, except sandy area in Cemara (inside Berbak National Park). The status of mangrove (bakau) forest is unknown, probably most of the area already cleared.

Key Biodiversity Hutan bakau pantai timur is the only one mangrove (bakau) area in Jambi (Mijn & Rahman 1992), and is is a feeding site for more than 20000 waterbirds and wader during migration. In 1985 Danielsen & Skov (1987) found 7 colonies of Grey Heron Ardea cinerea, and one colony of Milky Stork Mycterea cinerea with at least 74 active nests. But in 1989 Danielsen (1991) only found 4 colonies of Grey Heron Ardea cinerea, and the colony of Milky Stork Mycterea cinerea has gone. This area is one of the breeding area of Milky Stork Mycterea cinerea in Indonesia, apart from Rambut Island In Java, and there is a worry that this species is dissapearing because of the publications of this information(Wibowo & Suyatno 1998).Stretched of mangrove forest and remaining tidal have important values as feeding sites of waterbirds, but the status of 4 colonies of heron are unknown. The number of waterbirds along the pesisir pantai Jambi between 1984-1986 is bigger than the number in Riau (1984) but not as big as South Sumatra. Survey in 1984 (Silvius 1988) recorded:760 Milky Stork Mycterea cinerea 190 Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilus javanicus30 Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalusMore than 37500 birds including 7500 Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa6200 Common Redshank Tringia totanus3500 Mongolian Plover Charadrius mongolus2300 Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus1500 Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus (1750 bird in 1985) and 11500 birds unidentified.The other important record is Greater Goldenback chrysocolaptes lucidus in mangrove forest (Silvius & Varheugt 1986).

Non-bird biodiversity: Other biodiversity include Helarctos malayanus, Varanus salvator, Python reticulatus (Colijn 1999).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Redshank Tringa totanus unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus winter  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa winter  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus winter  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kelompok Hutan Bakau Pantai Timur Nature Reserve 6,500 protected area contained by site 6,500  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture major

Protection status This area including Hutan Bakau Pantai Timur declared as Nature Reserve (6500 ha) based on SK No. 507/Kpts/Um/6/1981 on 6 December 1981 (Anon 1995, Anon 1998)

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, F. and Skov, H. 1987. Waterbird survey results from South-east Sumatra. Oriental Bird Club Bull. 6: 8-11.Danielsen, F., Skov, H. and Suwarman, U. 1991. Breeding colonies of waterbirds along the coast of Jambi province, Sumatra, August 1989. Kukila 5(2): 135-137.Mijn, F.E. van der and Rahman, D. (eds). 1992. Environment profile of the wetland area of Jambi province, Sumatra, Indonesia. PHPA/AWB Sumatra Wetland Project Report No. 20. Asian Wetland Bureau, Bogor.Silvius, M.J. 1988. On the importance of Sumatra's east coast for waterbirds, with notes on the Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus. Kukila 3(3-4):117-137.Silvius, M.J. and Verheugt, W.J.M. 1986. The birds of Berbak Game Reserve, Jambi Province, Sumatra. Kukila 2(4): 76-84.Wibowo, P. & Suyatno, N. 1998. An overview of Indonesian Wetland Sites - II: an update information - Included in the Indonesian Wetland Database. Wetlands Intenational-Indonesia Programme/PHPA; Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pesisir Pantai Jambi. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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