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Location Indonesia, Bengkulu,Jambi,Sumatera Barat,Sumatera Selatan
Central coordinates 101o 15.00' East  2o 7.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 1,484,650 ha
Altitude 300 - 3,805m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Gunung Kerinci is an unactive volcano and the highest point in Sumatra, located on the northern part of Penuh River. This area dominated by slope forest, lowland forest and upper mountain forest. The area still have lowland forest, which under serious threat by illegal logging and land clearence (Colijn 1999).Kerinci Valley covering Kerinci Lake comprises some of Semangka Valley slope, and big enclave formed inside the area. The valley is used for rice field, tea plantation around of side of Gunung Kerinci, and cinnamon plantation. The cinnamon plantation already encroached this area.

Key Biodiversity Salvadori's Pheasant Lophura inornata (Lambert & Howes 1989) and Schneider's Pitta Pitta schneideri (Hurrel 1989) present in this area. The area is important for all Sumatran mountain bird species (except Hoogerwerf's Pheasant Lophura hoogerwerfi and Mountain Serin Serinus estherae which found only in the northern part)

Non-bird biodiversity: The mammal records in this area are confirmed by camera trapping (Holden personal communication. to D. Holmes 1997, Verbelen 2000):Aonyx cinerea, Arctictis binturong, Arctonyx collaris, Capricornis sumatrensis, Cuon alpinus, Felis bengalensis, Felis temmincki, Felis viverrina, Helarctos malayanus, Hylobates syndactylus, Hystrix brachyura, Macaca nemestrina, Manis javanica, Martes flavigula, Neofelis nebulosa, Panthera tigris, Felis marmorata, Tapirus indica.Sumatran Rabbit Nesolagus netscheri (endemic of Sumatra) also lives in this area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura inornata resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Sumatran Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx viridis resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Javan Trogon Apalharpactes reinwardtii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Alcedo euryzona resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Schneider's Pitta Pitta schneideri resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Graceful Pitta Pitta venusta resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sumatran Cochoa Cochoa beccarii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Large-billed Blue-flycatcher Cyornis caerulatus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kerinci Seblat National Park 1,375,000 protected area contained by site 1,368,000  
Kerinci Seblat National Park ASEAN Heritage 1,386,000 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra World Heritage Site 2,595,125 protected area contains site 1,484,650  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical)  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Kerinci Seblat declared as National Park based on SK Menhut No. 736/X-1982 and in 1996 the status has strengthened by SK. Menhut No. 192/Kpts-II/96 on 5 January 1996 (1368000 ha) (Anon 1995, Anon 1998).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Colijn, E.O. 1999. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, P. 1989. On the rediscovery of Scheneider's Pitta in Sumatra. Kukila 4 (1-2): 53-56.Lambert, F.R. & Howes, J.R. 1989. A recent shighting of Salvadori's Pheasant. Kukila (1-2): 56-58.Verbelen, F. 2000. Annotated checklist of bird seen in Sumatra. [tidak dipublikasi].

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kerinci Seblat. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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