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Location Indonesia, Jambi
Central coordinates 104o 20.00' East  1o 27.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 300,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 15m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Berbak is one of two RAMSAR sites in Indonesia (Scott 1989). This swamp area recognise as an extensive peat-swamp forest in the Pacific Realm (Mijn & Rahman 1992), although the northern and the eastern parts of this area was cleared (along of Batang Hari River and enclave at coastal area). Long drought in 1997 caused fire, mainly at the edges around 18000 to 24000 ha.Fire occured in the middle part of the area caused by jelutung collection. More than 32000 ha forest on the northwest was cleared or damage by fire at the end of 1997. Sibuea (1998) report on fire of 60 ha, still questionable.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Partridge Melanoperdix niger resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer winter  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Silvery Wood-pigeon Columba argentina resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Blue-banded Kingfisher Alcedo euryzona resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Berbak National Park 162,700 protected area contained by site 162,700  
Berbak Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 162,700 protected area contained by site 162,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major
Forest Peat swamp forest (tropical)  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 90%
forestry -

Other biodiversity Arctitis binturong, Dicerohinus sumatraensis, Helarctos malayanus, Hylobates agilis, Lutra sumatranus, Martes flavigula, Neofelis nebulosa and Tapirus indicus, Amyda cartilagenia, Tomistoma schlegelii (Silvus 1984, Wibowo & Suyatno 1997 & 1998, Colijn 1999).There are 23 species of Palm and considered to be the richest area for palm in the world (Wibowo & Suyatno 1997).

Protection status Declared as National Park based on SK Menhut No. 285/Kpts-II/1992 with the total area of 162700 ha (Anon 1995, Wibowo & Suyatno 1997, Anon 1998).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Burn, J. and Brickle, N. 1992. Spirit of Sumatra 1992: preliminary report. Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, UK.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, D.A. and Poole, C.M. 1989. A status overview of Asian wetlands (based on "A Directory of Asian Wetlands"). Asian Wetland Bureau.Silvius, M.J. and Verheugt, W.J.M. 1986. The birds of Berbak Game Reserve, Jambi Province, Sumatra. Kukila 2(4): 76-84.Sibuea, T.H. 1998. Forest fire effect on population and habitat white-winged duck Cairina scutulata in Way Kambas, Lampung and Berbak, Jambi. PHPA/Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme, WWT Slimbridge, Bogor.Sibuea, T.H., Nurhayati and Whisnu, S. 1997. Survei White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata di Taman Nasional Berbak, Jambi dan sekitarnya. PHPA/Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme, WWT Slimbridge, Bogor.Silvius, M.J., Simons, H.W. and Verheugt, W.J.M. 1984. Soils, vegetation, fauna and nature conservation of the Berbak Game Reserve, Sumatra, Indonesia. RIN Contributions to Research on Management of Natural Resources 1984-3. Arnhem, the Netherlands.Wibowo, P. & Suyatno, N. 1998. An overview of Indonesian Wetland Sites - II: an update information - Included in the Indonesian Wetland Database. Wetlands Intenational-Indonesia Programme/PHPA; Bogor.Wibowo, P. & Suyatno, N. 1997. An overview of Indonesian Wetland Sites-included in Wetland database. Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme/PHPA, Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Berbak. Downloaded from on 23/07/2014

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