|Central coordinates||104o 20.00' East 1o 27.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||0 - 15m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Berbak is one of two RAMSAR sites in Indonesia (Scott 1989). This swamp area recognise as an extensive peat-swamp forest in the Pacific Realm (Mijn & Rahman 1992), although the northern and the eastern parts of this area was cleared (along of Batang Hari River and enclave at coastal area). Long drought in 1997 caused fire, mainly at the edges around 18000 to 24000 ha.Fire occured in the middle part of the area caused by jelutung collection. More than 32000 ha forest on the northwest was cleared or damage by fire at the end of 1997. Sibuea (1998) report on fire of 60 ha, still questionable.
Key Biodiversity This area is important for swamp bird species, although more research is still needed. Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi recorded in Air Hitam Dalam (Silvius & Verheugt 1986), Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni, Wallace's Hawk-eagle Spizaetus nanus, Black Partridge Melanoperdix nigra and other hornbill species also exist in this area. Follow-up research for Air Hitam Dalam by Burn & Brickle (1992), confirm the existence of Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi, Milky Stork Mycterea cinerea, and White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata. White-winged Duck frequently seen feeding in Kumpeh upper course, and this area considered important for this species.Survey between 1995-1996 (Sibuea et.al. 1997) showed the three important areas for White-winged Duck along the Batang Hari River in the vicinity of Berbak, i.e. area in Kumpeh River, Rambut River and Air Hitam Dalam, which located in the border of Berbak, and Gedung Karya, with population estimated around 11-21 adult birds (+ 15 juveniles). New data is needed, after fire happened in this area in 1997.
Non-bird biodiversity: Arctitis binturong, Dicerohinus sumatraensis, Helarctos malayanus, Hylobates agilis, Lutra sumatranus, Martes flavigula, Neofelis nebulosa and Tapirus indicus, Amyda cartilagenia, Tomistoma schlegelii (Silvus et.al 1984, Wibowo & Suyatno 1997 & 1998, Colijn 1999).There are 23 species of Palm and considered to be the richest area for palm in the world (Wibowo & Suyatno 1997).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Partridge Melanoperdix niger||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Alcedo euryzona||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Not Recognised|
|2004||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Berbak||National Park||162,700||protected area contained by site||162,700|
|Berbak||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||162,700||protected area contained by site||162,700|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Peat swamp forest (tropical)||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||90%|
Protection status Declared as National Park based on SK Menhut No. 285/Kpts-II/1992 with the total area of 162700 ha (Anon 1995, Wibowo & Suyatno 1997, Anon 1998).
References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Burn, J. and Brickle, N. 1992. Spirit of Sumatra 1992: preliminary report. Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, UK.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL: http://www.bart.nl/-edcolijn/index.html.Scott, D.A. and Poole, C.M. 1989. A status overview of Asian wetlands (based on "A Directory of Asian Wetlands"). Asian Wetland Bureau.Silvius, M.J. and Verheugt, W.J.M. 1986. The birds of Berbak Game Reserve, Jambi Province, Sumatra. Kukila 2(4): 76-84.Sibuea, T.H. 1998. Forest fire effect on population and habitat white-winged duck Cairina scutulata in Way Kambas, Lampung and Berbak, Jambi. PHPA/Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme, WWT Slimbridge, Bogor.Sibuea, T.H., Nurhayati and Whisnu, S. 1997. Survei White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata di Taman Nasional Berbak, Jambi dan sekitarnya. PHPA/Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme, WWT Slimbridge, Bogor.Silvius, M.J., Simons, H.W. and Verheugt, W.J.M. 1984. Soils, vegetation, fauna and nature conservation of the Berbak Game Reserve, Sumatra, Indonesia. RIN Contributions to Research on Management of Natural Resources 1984-3. Arnhem, the Netherlands.Wibowo, P. & Suyatno, N. 1998. An overview of Indonesian Wetland Sites - II: an update information - Included in the Indonesian Wetland Database. Wetlands Intenational-Indonesia Programme/PHPA; Bogor.Wibowo, P. & Suyatno, N. 1997. An overview of Indonesian Wetland Sites-included in Wetland database. Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme/PHPA, Bogor.
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