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Location Indonesia, Riau
Central coordinates 102o 40.00' East  0o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 120,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Located between Kampar and Indragiri rivers.

Key Biodiversity Important area for White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata, Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi, and Wallace's Hawk-eagle Spizaetus nanus. This area is a breeding site for at least 400 pairs of heron (probably Purple Heron Ardea purpurea) but the number has decreasing because of over exploitation of egg and juvenile (Burn & Brickle 1992). In 1997 survey by Tim Ekspedisi Cairina scutulata found the White-winged Duck in Geloga.The southern boundary of Indragiri River is very rich with bird diversity. At least 8 species, White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata, 23 Milky Stork Mycterea cinerea,and Lesser adjutant Leptoptilus javanicus found near Kuala Cinaku transmigration area. Kuala Cinaku is the area in Indonesia where Northern Pintail Anas acuta first recorded in November 1992(Burn & Brickle 1992).

Non-bird biodiversity: Primates: Hylobates agilis, Hylobates syndactylus.Mammals: Helarctos malayanus, Hystrix brachyura, Manis javanica, Panthera tigris sumatrensis, Tapirus indicusAmphibians: Amyca cartilagenia, Trionyx cartilaginensFish: Betlia crassicollis, Orlitia borneensis.Crocodiles are also recorded in this area. (Burn & Brickle 1992, Tim Ekspedisi Cairina scutulata 1997, Colijn 1999, Wibowo & Suyatno 1999).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Wallace's Hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kerumutan Wildlife Reserve 120,000 is identical to site 120,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Forest Peat swamp forest (tropical)  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
other -

Protection status Declared as Kerumutan (Baru) Wildlife Sanctuary (120000 ha) based on SK Mentan No. 350/Kpts/Um/6/79 in June, 1979 (Anon 1995, Anon 1998). Proposed to expand this area to 130000 ha (Anon 1995).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Burn, J. and Brickle, N. 1992. Spirit of Sumatra 1992: preliminary report. Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, UK.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, M.J. 1988. On the importance of Sumatra's east coast for waterbirds, with notes on the Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus. Kukila 3(3-4):117-137.Tim Ekspedisi Cairina scutulata 4 HIMBIO UNPAD. 1995. Beberapa aspek ekologi mentok rimba Cairina scutulata Muller 1840, di Taman Nasional Way Kambas, Propinsi Lampung, Indonesia. HIMBIO-UNPAD, Bandung.Wibowo, P. & Suyatno, N. 1998. An overview of Indonesian Wetland Sites - II: an update information - Included in the Indonesian Wetland Database. Wetlands Intenational-Indonesia Programme/PHPA; Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kerumutan. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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