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Location Indonesia, Riau
Central coordinates 102o 33.00' East  0o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 550,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description This area is located between Siak and Kampar rivers. Siak river is situated on the north-west of this area while Kampar river is in the south. The northern boundary of this area is paralel with Panjang strait.

Key Biodiversity 4-5 days survey in Danau Bawah around Selat Panjang and Danau Metas in 1991 (van Balen 1991) recorded 128 birds species, including as Wallace's Hawk-eagle Spizaetus nanus, Sunda Wrinkled Hornbill Aceros corrugatus, Large Green-Pigeon, Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis, and Mangrove Pitta Pitta megarhyncha. Follow-up survey in 1992 (Burn & Brickle 1992) confirmed the important value of this area for bird, and recorded 7 hornbill species. But Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi and Whiite-winged Duck were not recorded.Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi, Hook-billed Bulbul Setornis ciriger and Grey-breasted Babbler Malacopteron albogulare live in Metas River, Belat and Belat Lake (Burn & Brickle 1992).

Non-bird biodiversity: Elephas maximus, Panthera tigris, Tapirus indicus and Tomistoma schlegelii (Scott 1989, Burn & Brickle 1992, Anon 1995, Colijn 1999).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Wallace's Hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Large Green-pigeon Treron capellei resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Hook-billed Bulbul Setornis criniger resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Danau P. Besar/Danau Pulau Bawah Wildlife Reserve 25,000 protected area contained by site 25,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Peat swamp forest (tropical)  80%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 75%
nature conservation and research 15%
agriculture 10%

Protection status This area including Danau Bawah-Pulau Besar (25000 ha) declared as Wildlife Sanctuary based on SK Mentan No. 846/Kpts/UM/10/1980 (Anon 1995).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Burn, J. and Brickle, N. 1992. Spirit of Sumatra 1992: preliminary report. Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, UK.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, D.A. and Poole, C.M. 1989. A status overview of Asian wetlands (based on "A Directory of Asian Wetlands"). Asian Wetland Bureau.van Balen, S. 1991. An ornithological survey of the Kampar and Rokan rivers and their adjecent forest, Riau, Sumatra. PHPA/AWB Sumatra Wetland Project Report No. 23, Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hutan Rawa Gambut Siak-Kampar. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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