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Location Indonesia, Jambi,Riau
Central coordinates 102o 32.00' East  1o 3.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 127,698 ha
Altitude 50 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)



Site description There are some of encroachments, wildlife captures and illegal logging.

Key Biodiversity Danielsen & Heegard (1995) identified 193 forest bird species in this area including White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata, Black Partridge Melanoperdix nigra, Crestless Fireback Lophura erythropthalma, Crested Fireback Lophura ignita, Large Frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus, Large Wren-Babbler Napothera macrodactyla etc. and also significant taxa or endemic such as Banded Pitta Pitta guajana, Garnet Pitta Pitta granatina, Chestnut-capped Thrush Zoothera interpres, Trichostoma buettikoferi, Grey-breasted Babbler Malacopteron albogulare, Striped Wren-babbler Kenopia striata, and White-bellied Munia Lonchura leucogastra.There is no rectricted-range bird species identified in this area, although Trichastoma buettikoferi could be categorized as rectricted-range bird species (Andrew 1992), and the area could be qualified as secondary area for endemic bird area.

Non-bird biodiversity: Panthera tigris, Tapirus indicus, Presbytis melalophos and Hylobates syndactylus, Balionycteris maculata, Megaerops wetmorei, Morina cyclotis, Aonyx cinerea, Elephas maximus, Neofelis nebulosa, fish species: Notochelys platynota, Scleropagus formosus, reptile species: Crocodylus porosus, Heosemys spinosa, Tomistoma schlegelii. And formerly recorded Cuon alpinus, Dicerorhinus sumatraensis . A new recorded flora species is Rafflesia hasseltii (Danielsen & Schumacher 1997, Colijn 1999).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura erythrophthalma resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Black Partridge Melanoperdix niger resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Alcedo euryzona resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2012 high favourable high
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bukit Tigapuluh National Park 127,698 is identical to site 127,698  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry and agro-industrial plantations  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Declared as Bukit Tigapuluh National Park (127968 ha) based on SK Menhut No. 539/Kpts-II/95 on 15 October 1995 (Anon 1998).

References Andrew, P. 1992. The birds of Indonesia: A checklist (Peters' sequence). Jakarta: Indonesian Ornithological Society.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL: http://www.bart.nl/-edcolijn/index.html.Danielsen, F., & Schumacher, T. 1997. The importance of Tigapuluh Hills, Southern Riau, Indonesia, To Biodiversity Conservation. Tropical Biodiversity 4(2): 129-160.Danielsen, F. & Heegard, M. 1995. The bird of Bukit Tigapuluh, Southern Riau, Sumatra. Kukila 7(2): 99-120.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bukit Tigapuluh. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014

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