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Location Indonesia, Sumatera Barat
Central coordinates 101o 8.00' East  2o 15.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 30,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Originally this area consist of freshwater swamp and peat swamp extended to coastal. Conversion to transmigration area and oil palm plantation decrease the natural habitat. Drainage development in 1990 to convert the remaining natural habitat of this area into oil palm plantation. Although the oil palm plantation plan has been canceled and this give some hopes to protect this area, but clearence of forest still continue.

Key Biodiversity This area occured supports Ciconia episcopus and Cairina scutulata population (Yanuar kom. pri. to D. Holmes). Also record call of Grey-breasted Babbler Malacopteron albogulare (Holmes 1996). The record indicates that other lowland bird species probably live in this area. Follow-up survey is really needed immediatelly.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major
Forest Peat swamp forest (tropical)  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -
agriculture -

Protection status 17700 ha of this area proposed as Lunang Nature Reserve (Anon 1995)

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Holmes, D.A. 1996. Sumatra Bird Report. Kukila 8: 9-56.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rawa Lunang. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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