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Location Indonesia, Sumatera Barat
Central coordinates 100o 20.00' East  0o 24.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 9,658 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 2,877m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Key Biodiversity Thiollay (1995, 1996a) found Wallace's Hawk-eagle Spizaetus nanus in Rimbo Panti Nature Reserve (not in Gunung Singgalang area), and Sunda Wrinkled Hornbil Aceros corrugatus. This area is one of five locations for Sumatran Ground-cuckoo Carpococyx viridis. There is no record of this species in this area since 1916. This bird is one of the globally threatened and restricted-range species (Collar & Long 1996, Stattersfield 1998, BirdLife International 2000)

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura inornata resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Wallace's Hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sumatran Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx viridis resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Short-toed Coucal Centropus rectunguis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Graceful Pitta Pitta venusta resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sumatran Cochoa Cochoa beccarii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status This area is a protected Forest (for watercatchment area. 9659 ha of this area is proposed as Nature Reserve (Anon 1995).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.BidrLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.Collar, N.J. & Long, A.J. 1996. Taxonomy and names of Carpococcyx cuckoos from the Greater Sundas. Forktail 11: 135-150.Stattesfield, A.J., Crosby, M.J., Long, A.J., & Wege, D.C. 1998. Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. Birdlife Conservation Series No.7. BirdLife International.Thiollay, J.M. 1995. The role of traditional agroforsts in the conservation of rain forest bird diversity in Sumatra. Conservation Biology 9: 335-353.Thiollay, J.M. 1996a. Rain forest raptor communities in Sumatra: the conservation value of traditional agroforests in: Bird, D.M., D.E. Varland and J.J. Negro (eds.): Raptors in human landscapes. London: Academy Press.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gunung Singgalang. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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