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Location Indonesia, Sumatera Utara
Central coordinates 99o 16.00' East  3o 28.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 207,625 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description The area consists of Karang Gading Timur Laut, Bagan Percut, Bagan Serdang, Sungai Ular and Pantai Cermin. Bagan Percut is a good site for Milky Stork Mycterea cinerea and Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus. There is mangrove forest behind tidal mudflat.

Key Biodiversity Base on the last information, this area probably important for migratory waterbirds. On December 1995 there were around 15000 waders, including Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus and small number of Far-Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis in three areas together with Milky Stork Mycterea cinerea (155 birds). Follow-up survey in 1997 confirmed the observation and found 250 Milky Stork, Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus, Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana, Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus and herons. Common Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus probably present, but this need to be reconfirmed for Sumatra.

Non-bird biodiversity: Other biodiversity include Aonyx cinerea, Naja sumatrana and Python reticulatus at Karang Gading area (Wibowo & Suyatno 1998, Colijn 1999).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea resident  2004  present  A1,A4i  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus winter  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Karang Gading Langkat Timur Laut Game Reserve 15,765 protected area contained by site 15,765  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major
Forest Mangrove forest (tropical)  -
Other   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Declared as Karang Gading Langkat Timur Laut Wildlife Sanctuary (15765 ha) on 5 November 1980 base on SK Mentan No. 811/Kpts/Um/II/1980. Expansion proposal includes area for mangrove forest protection (22765 ha) (Anon 1995, Anon 1998).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan forIndonesia (3 A-H). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, P. & Suyatno, N. 1998. An overview of Indonesian Wetland Sites - II: an update information - Included in the Indonesian Wetland Database. Wetlands Intenational-Indonesia Programme/PHPA; Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pesisir Timur Pantai Sumatera Utara. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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