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Location Azerbaijan, Divichi
Central coordinates 49o 5.00' East  41o 19.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 7,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Azerbaijan Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description A shallow (0.5-1.2 m) lake with vast reedbeds on its western side in the Khachmas coastal lowland. It is leased by the Hunters' Society of Azerbaijan. The lake area varies from 1,600 to 7,000 ha depending on irrigation and rainfall.

Key Biodiversity Among breeding species are large colonies of herons (including Botaurus stellaris, Ixobrychus minutus and Ardea purpurea). Porzana parva and Porphyrio porphyrio also breed. The site is especially important for the autumn migration of waterbirds, more than 70,000-80,000 pass each year, with about 5,000 wildfowl wintering (Anas platyrhynchos, A. clypeata, A. crecca, A. querquedula, A. strepera, Aythya fuligula, Netta rufina), and up to 5,000 Fulica atra. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Marmaronetta angustirostris (very rare passage visitor), Aythya nyroca (two estimates: 5+ breeding pairs; several hundreds breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  600-1,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala passage  < 50 individuals  unknown  A1  Endangered 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia passage  300-400 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  50-100 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus passage  200-300 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus passage  500-600 individuals  B1i  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta passage  100-200 individuals  B2  Least Concern 
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis passage  200-300 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus passage  300 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  20 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2008 low favourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration low

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Not assessed  No management planning has taken place  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  low 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
info avialable at AOS 2005


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
fisheries/aquaculture -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir). Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife