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Location Timor-Leste, Lautem
Central coordinates 125o 30.00' East  8o 55.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 10,906 ha
Altitude 0 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description A large area with a variety of vegetation communities including tall lowland tropical evergreen forest, dry and moist deciduous forests, tidal/mangrove forests, coastal forests, and a suite of coastal strand communities (Cowie 2006). This area is by far the largest example of this assemblage of habitat types in Timor-Leste (and Timor Island). It is located amongst teak plantations, rice fields and swidden agriculture.

Key Biodiversity Twenty-four restricted-range species have been recorded in this IBA, including the Endangered Timor Green-pigeon, and the Critically Endangered Yellow-crested Cockatoo also occurs there (FAO/UNDP 1982, Ora 2000, Trainor et al. 2004).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea resident  2007  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Dusky Cuckoo-dove Macropygia magna 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Black Cuckoo-dove Turacoena modesta resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Timor Green-pigeon Treron psittaceus resident  2007  present  A1, A2  Endangered 
Pink-headed Imperial-pigeon Ducula rosacea resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Jonquil Parrot Aprosmictus jonquillaceus resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher Todiramphus australasia resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Streaky-breasted Honeyeater Meliphaga reticulata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Plain Friarbird Philemon inornatus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Yellow-eared Honeyeater Lichmera flavicans 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Myzomela Myzomela vulnerata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Figbird Sphecotheres viridis 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Olive-brown Oriole Oriolus melanotis 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus presbytes 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted White-eye Heleia muelleri resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Orange-banded Thrush Zoothera peronii resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
White-bellied Bushchat Saxicola gutturalis resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Timor Blue-flycatcher Cyornis hyacinthinus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Red-chested Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Flame-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia solaris 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Tricoloured Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lore Protected Wild Area 10,200 is identical to site 10,200  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Gazetted as a Forest Reserve by the Portuguese government in 1967, and proposed by FAO/UNDP (1982) as a Wildlife Sanctuary (with reportedly relatively low biodiversity value). FAO/UNDP (1982) considered that this site, Mount Paitchau and Lake Iralalaro (IBA TL07) and Jaco Island (IBA TL08) might be combined into a single protected area, possibly with the status of National Park. Lore was recognised by UNTAET (2000) as a Protected Wild Area under Regulation Number 2000/19. This IBA (together with IBAs TL07 and TL08 and other adjacent terrestrial and marine areas) has just been declared by the Government of Timor-Leste as Nino Konis Santana National Park.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lore. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

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