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Location China (mainland), Guangxi
Central coordinates 107o 31.00' East  22o 49.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 60,100 ha
Altitude 300 - 1,072m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The IBA includes Fenghuang Shan, Xi Daming Shan and Xiaoming Shan mountains, and the intervening areas. It includes 23,000 ha of forest, with some 20% of the land in the nature reserve being used for forestry.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Macaca assamensis, Manis pentadactyla, Viverra zibetha, Selenarctos thibetanus and Felis temmincki. Cervus nippon was still present in the 1970s, but is now locally extinct. Nationally protected plants include Camellia chrysantha.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Fairy Pitta Pitta nympha breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Xidamingshanshuiyuanlin Nature Reserve 60,100 is identical to site 60,100  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Xidamingshan. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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