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Location China (mainland), Guangdong
Central coordinates 114o 2.00' East  22o 32.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 304 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The eastern part of mangrove stand in Futian Nature Reserve is located at the mouth of the Shenzhen River, adjacent to Mai Po Nature Reserve in Hong Kong. The southern part of the nature reserve has an inter-tidal mudflat, but much of the area has been reclaimed for urban and industrial development. Every year a large number of migratory and wintering waterbirds utilize this wetland. Futian can be regarded as an important buffer area for Mai Po Nature Reserve, with birds using both Mai Po and the Futian IBA. Industrialization, urbanization and varies kind of pollution are threatening the natural environment in the IBA.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: No information.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor unknown  2008  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus unknown  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Saunders's Gull Saundersilarus saundersi unknown  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2010 very high unfavourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution domestic and urban waste water happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) poor (40-69%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Inner Deep Bay and Futian National Nature Reserve 815 protected area contains site 304  
Neilingding-futian Nature Reserve 86,400 protected area contains site 304  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Futian. Downloaded from on 23/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife