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Location China (mainland), Hubei
Central coordinates 116o 3.00' East  29o 55.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 22,322 ha
Altitude 20 m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Longgan Hu is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, in eastern Hubei Province adjacent to Anhui Province. Massive reclamation projects in 1957 and 1978 reduced the original lake area by 24,660 ha or 65%.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: No information.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus winter  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri winter  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana winter  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Great Bustard Otis tarda winter  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Siberian Crane Leucogeranus leucogeranus winter  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio winter  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Hooded Crane Grus monacha winter  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Longganhu Nature Reserve 35,950 protected area contains site 35,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Longgan Hu Wetland Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 01/12/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife