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Location China (mainland), Henan
Central coordinates 111o 37.00' East  33o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 56,024 ha
Altitude 480 - 2,203m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Funiu Shan is the highest mountain in Henan Province, and is the site with the largest area of forest and highest biodiversity in the province. The IBA is a water source for the Yangtze, Huang He and Huai He river systems, and is also the boundary between the warm temperate region and the subtropical region. Funiu Shan Nature Reserve is in western Henan, on the main extension of the eastern Qinling mountain range. It comprises 40,950 ha on the southern slope and 15,074 ha on the northern slope. Most of the IBA is above 600 m.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Ginkgo biloba, Cercidiphyllum japonicum and Emmenopterys henryi. Animals include Andrias davidianus, Panthera pardus, Lutra lutra, Felis temmincki, Viverra zibetha, Viverricula indica, Naemorhedus goral, Capricornis sumatraensis and Moschus berezovskii. The area has historical records of Panthera tigris amoyensis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Reeves's Pheasant Syrmaticus reevesii resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Baotianman UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 90,950 protected area contains site 56,024  
Funiushan Nature Reserve 56,024 is identical to site 56,024  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Funiu Shan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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