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Location China (mainland), Shandong
Central coordinates 119o 0.00' East  37o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 153,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description At the Huang He (Yellow River) estuary, massive volumes of sediment brought down by the river have settled and formed the largest river delta in China and the youngest coast wetland in eastern China. This sedimentary area is a flat plain. Vegetation cover is c.53.7% inside the nature reserve, and the IBA includes the largest area of coastal vegetation in China.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: No information.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bean Goose Anser fabalis unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons passage  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus winter  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana winter  2008  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Great Bustard Otis tarda winter  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Coot Fulica atra unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis winter  2008  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Hooded Crane Grus monacha passage  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer passage  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Saunders's Gull Saundersilarus saundersi breeding  2008  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2010 low favourable high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Huanghesanjiaozhou Nature Reserve 153,000 is identical to site 153,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Artificial wetlands; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats  -
Grassland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife