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Location China (mainland), Beijing
Central coordinates 115o 46.00' East  40o 33.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 4,660 ha
Altitude 628 - 2,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in Yanqing County, northern Beijing, about 100 km from downtown Beijing. The IBA was established as Song Shan forestry area in the late 1950s and as a nature reserve in 1986. Song Shan is part of the Yan Shan mountain range. The vegetation is warm temperate deciduous broadleaf forest.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Panthera pardus, Vulpes vulpes, Mustela sibirica and Naemorhedus goral.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Songshan Nature Reserve 4,667 is identical to site 4,660  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Song Shan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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