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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 100o 50.00' East  21o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 242,510 ha
Altitude 600 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description The IBA is located on the south-western boundary of Yunnan, in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Area which includes Jinghong, Menghai and Mengla counties. It has many wide valleys and basins, and is surrounded by low mountains. The climate is influenced by warm and moist oceanic winds from the Bay of Bengal, which allows the development of rainforest and monsoon forest.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Parashorea chinensis, Cycas siamensis and Alsophila spinulosa. Animals include Panthera tigris corbetti, Panthera pardus, Neofelis nebulosa, Hylobates leucogenys, Presbytis phayrei, Nycticebus coucang, Bos gaurus and Elephas maximus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis non-breeding  2008  10 individuals  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Giant Nuthatch Sitta magna resident  2008  present  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2008 medium near favourable medium
Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species habitat effects - gathering plants happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution industrial and military effluents happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Forest   291896 216516 75 good (> 90%) near favourable

Elephas maximus Asian Elephant 250 205 individuals 82 near favourable
Panthera tigris Tiger 30 2 individuals 7 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve 247,439 is identical to site 241,776  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   53%
Shrubland   17%
Introduced vegetation   4%
Artificial - aquatic   23%
Other   3%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Xishuangbanna. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife