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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 100o 50.00' East  21o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 242,510 ha
Altitude 600 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The IBA is located on the south-western boundary of Yunnan, in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Area which includes Jinghong, Menghai and Mengla counties. It has many wide valleys and basins, and is surrounded by low mountains. The climate is influenced by warm and moist oceanic winds from the Bay of Bengal, which allows the development of rainforest and monsoon forest.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis non-breeding  2008  10 individuals  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Giant Nuthatch Sitta magna resident  2008  present  A1  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve 247,439 is identical to site 241,776  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   53%
Shrubland   17%
Introduced vegetation   4%
Artificial - aquatic   23%
Other   3%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

Other biodiversity Nationally protected plants include Parashorea chinensis, Cycas siamensis and Alsophila spinulosa. Animals include Panthera tigris corbetti, Panthera pardus, Neofelis nebulosa, Hylobates leucogenys, Presbytis phayrei, Nycticebus coucang, Bos gaurus and Elephas maximus.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Xishuangbanna. Downloaded from on 22/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife