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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 101o 15.00' East  24o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 67,700 ha
Altitude 800 - 3,137m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Located in the central-northern section of the Ailao Shan mountain range, the IBA is the watershed of the Yuan Jiang, Babian Jiang and Amo Jaing rivers. The nature reserve was mainly established to protect the broadleaf evergreen forest ecosystem. It has 71.5% forest cover, and protects the largest area of broadleaf evergreen forest remaining in China, with many plants that are endemic to Yunnan.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Ginkgo biloba, Tetracentron sinense and Calocedrus macrolepis. Animals include Neofelis nebulosa, Selenarctos thibetanus, Viverra zibetha, Viverricula indica, Prionodon pardicolor, Manis pentadactyla, Cervus unicolor, Naemorhedus goral, Presbytis phayrei, Hylobates concolor and Felis temmincki.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2008  present  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2008 low not assessed medium
unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve 67,700 is identical to site 67,700  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   66%
Shrubland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ailaoshan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/12/2014

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