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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 101o 15.00' East  24o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 67,700 ha
Altitude 800 - 3,137m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in the central-northern section of the Ailao Shan mountain range, the IBA is the watershed of the Yuan Jiang, Babian Jiang and Amo Jaing rivers. The nature reserve was mainly established to protect the broadleaf evergreen forest ecosystem. It has 71.5% forest cover, and protects the largest area of broadleaf evergreen forest remaining in China, with many plants that are endemic to Yunnan.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2008  present  A1  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve 67,700 is identical to site 67,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   66%
Shrubland   -

Other biodiversity Nationally protected plants include Ginkgo biloba, Tetracentron sinense and Calocedrus macrolepis. Animals include Neofelis nebulosa, Selenarctos thibetanus, Viverra zibetha, Viverricula indica, Prionodon pardicolor, Manis pentadactyla, Cervus unicolor, Naemorhedus goral, Presbytis phayrei, Hylobates concolor and Felis temmincki.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ailaoshan. Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

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