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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 100o 40.00' East  24o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 70,065 ha
Altitude 1,151 - 3,306m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Wuliang Shan is located in Jingdong County, western Yunnan. It is the watershed of the Lanchang Jiang and Chuan He (upper course of Red River) rivers. It is an elongated mountain with a north-south orientation, which extends 50 km from north to south and 7 km from east to west. The IBA has a southern subtropical monsoon climate, with prominent vertical vegetation zonation. Well-preserved broadleaf evergreen forest is found at 2,000-2,800 m, covering an area of 11,361 ha (48.6% of the reserve area).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Giant Nuthatch Sitta magna resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Wuliangshan Nature Reserve 30,938 protected area contained by site 30,938  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Other biodiversity Nationally protected plants include Euptelea pleiospermum and Tetracentron sinense. Animals include Panthera tigris, Neofelis nebulosa, Panthera pardus, Nycticebus coucang, Macaca assamensis, Presbytis phayrei and Hylobates concolor.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wuliangshan. Downloaded from on 01/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife