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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 100o 40.00' East  24o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 70,065 ha
Altitude 1,151 - 3,306m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Wuliang Shan is located in Jingdong County, western Yunnan. It is the watershed of the Lanchang Jiang and Chuan He (upper course of Red River) rivers. It is an elongated mountain with a north-south orientation, which extends 50 km from north to south and 7 km from east to west. The IBA has a southern subtropical monsoon climate, with prominent vertical vegetation zonation. Well-preserved broadleaf evergreen forest is found at 2,000-2,800 m, covering an area of 11,361 ha (48.6% of the reserve area).

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Euptelea pleiospermum and Tetracentron sinense. Animals include Panthera tigris, Neofelis nebulosa, Panthera pardus, Nycticebus coucang, Macaca assamensis, Presbytis phayrei and Hylobates concolor.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Giant Nuthatch Sitta magna resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2008 medium not assessed low
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Ursus thibetanus Himalayan Black Bear 200 100 individuals 50 unfavourable
Capricornis sumatraensis_discarded Serow 100 100 individuals 100 favourable
Naemorhedus caudatus Long-tailed Goral 200 200 individuals 100 favourable
Macaca arctoides Stump-tailed Macaque 800 800 individuals 100 favourable
Nomascus concolor Black Crested Gibbon 600 450 individuals 75 near favourable
Neofelis nebulosa Clouded Leopard 200 100 individuals 50 unfavourable
Pavo muticus Green Peafowl 100 20 individuals 20 very unfavourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Wuliangshan Nature Reserve 30,938 protected area contained by site 30,938  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wuliangshan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife