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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 98o 42.00' East  25o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 124,459 ha
Altitude 1,090 - 3,916m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Gaoligong Shan is located on the western boundary of Yunnan Province, and extends 135 km from north to south, and 9 km from east to west. There is no human habitation within the nature reserve, but there are 10 townships in the surrounding areas. The natural vegetation cover is 74.4%. The central and southern parts of Gaoligong Shan are the watershed of the Lungchuan Jiang and Nu Jiang rivers.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Taiwania cryptomerioides and Alsophila spinulosa. Animals include Presbytis phayrei, Hylobates hoolock, Nycticebus coucang, Budorcas taxicolor and Muntiacus gongshanensis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sclater's Monal Lophophorus sclateri resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  1974  present  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2008 medium not assessed medium
  unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gaoligongshan Nature Reserve 405,200 protected area contains site 124,459  
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas World Heritage Site 977,721 protected area overlaps with site 40,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   93%
Shrubland   1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gaoligongshan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife