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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 100o 10.00' East  27o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 26,000 ha
Altitude 2,415 - 5,596m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in Lijiang County, north-west Yunnan. Yulong Xueshan is the main submit of the Hengduan Shan’s Yunling ranges. Lijiang City lies 30 km south-east of Yulong Xueshan, and the plateau around the city is at c.2,400 m and is a major agricultural area. The Jinsha Jiang river valley runs to the north-west of Yulong Xueshan, and the vertical difference between the water surface and the summit is 3,000 m.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Psammosilene tunicoides, Coptis teeta and Torreya yunnanensis. Animals include Neofelis nebulosa, Panthera pardus, Felis temmincki, Ailurus fulgens, Selenarctos thibetanus and Macaca mulatta.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-speckled Laughingthrush Garrulax bieti resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Giant Nuthatch Sitta magna resident  2008  present  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2008 medium very unfavourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   12220 7000 58 poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas World Heritage Site 977,721 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Yulongxueshan Nature Reserve 26,000 is identical to site 26,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   47%
Shrubland   25%
Grassland   7%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Yulong Xueshan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife