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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 100o 44.00' East  27o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 5,180 ha
Altitude 2,685 m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Lugu Hu is located in north-western Yunnan and south-western Sichuan. It is a freshwater lake with shallow marshes along the edge. The lake circumference is 44 km, and it extends 9.4 km from north to south and 5.2 km from east to west. There are three islands in the lake and a peninsula.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Ottelia acuminata var. crispa is endemic to Lugu Hu.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis winter  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2008 medium not assessed low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  Not assessed  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Luguhu Nature Reserve 8,133 protected area contains site 5,180  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Forest   55%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lugu Hu. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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