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Location China (mainland), Yunnan
Central coordinates 99o 10.00' East  28o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A2, A3
Area 190,144 ha
Altitude 2,000 - 5,429m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in south-east Dêqên County, north-western Yunnan. The IBA is in the central part of the Hengduan Shan’s Yunling ranges, with the highest summit at 5,429 m, and most of the higher parts have snow cover all year round. The Jinsha Jiang and Lanchang Jiang have cut deep river valleys (some 2,000 m deep) in the east and west of the IBA. The vegetation shows prominent vertical zonation.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Kingdonia uniflora and Kingdonia uniflora. Animals include Rhinopithecus bieti, Neofelis nebulosa, Panthra uncial, Panthera pardus, Canis lupus, Ailurus fulgens, Selenarctos thibetanus, Felis lynx, Pseudois nayaur, Macaca assamensis, Martes foina, Naemorhedus goral and Lutralutra.

IBA Monitoring

2008 high favourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve 276,400 is identical to site 28,164  
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas World Heritage Site 977,721 protected area contains site 190,144  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   57%
Shrubland   6%
Grassland   17%
Other   20%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Baima Xueshan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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