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Location China (mainland), Sichuan
Central coordinates 101o 55.00' East  29o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 406,917 ha
Altitude 1,500 - 7,556m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located at the south-east edge of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, in the north-eastern part of the Hengduan Shan mountains. The highest peak in the IBA is 7,556 m, and it is surrounded by mountains above 6,000 m. The mountains are covered by snow all year round, with well-developed glaciers. The vegetation cover shows prominent vertical zonation.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Picea brachytyla and Euptelea pleiospermum. Nationally protected animals include Ailurpoda melanolenca, Pygathrix roxellanae, Panthera pardus, Cervus albirostris, Macaca mulatta, Ailurus fulgens, Felis lynx, Felis temmincki, Moschus berezovskii, Pseudois nayaur, Ovis ammon, Cervus unicolor and Naemorhedus goral.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chinese Monal Lophophorus lhuysii resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gonggashan (Sichuan) Nature Reserve 406,917 protected area contains site 400,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Grassland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gongga Shan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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