email a friend
printable version
Location China (mainland), Ningxia
Central coordinates 105o 40.00' East  37o 36.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 60,000 ha
Altitude 1,100 - 1,300m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in western Ningxia, the IBA extends from Qingtongxia Reservoir along the Yellow River to Mengjiawan in Zhongwei County. It includes the river channel and associated wetlands, and the adjacent deserts. A survey conducted at Zhongwei Shapotou from December 1998-April 1999 found that more than 20,000 waterbirds migrated through the area.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: No information.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid passage  1986  2,000 individuals  unknown  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri passage  2008  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa unknown  2008  present  A1  Least Concern 
Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus winter  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Qing Tong Xia Nature Reserve 3,600 protected area contained by site 3,600  
Shapotou Nature Reserve 13,722 protected area contained by site 13,400  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Desert   -

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Qingtongxia reservoir and Yellow River wetlands in Zhongning and Zhongwei. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife