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Location China (mainland), Tibet
Central coordinates 98o 33.00' East  29o 41.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 1,760,000 ha
Altitude 2,000 - 6,500m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in the southern part of the Hengduan Shan mountains, with the Yunnan border to the south. The IBA has a canyon landscape, with arid montane deciduous scrub below 3,400 m, montane coniferous-broadleaf mixed forest at 3,400-3,800 m, coniferous forest at 3,800-4,600 m, and alpine scrub and grassland above 4,600 m.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Rhinopithecus bieti (around 700 individuals found within the reserve, 70% of the world population), Selenarctos thibetanus, Ursus arctos, Ailurus fulgens, Capricornis sumatraensis and Naemorhedus cranbrooki.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chinese Monal Lophophorus lhuysii resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sichuan Jay Perisoreus internigrans resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mangkang Nature Reserve 185,300 protected area contained by site 185,300  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Markam. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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