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Location Russia (European), Novgorod region
Central coordinates 31o 23.13' East  58o 16.12' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 190,950 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Site description One of the largest lakes in central European Russia, with surrounding marshes and meadows.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus passage  1993  15-20 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  1995  1,500-2,500 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media breeding  1995  200-300 breeding pairs  poor  A1, A4i, B1i  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Novgorodski Zakaznik Zapovednik 8,600 protected area overlaps with site 8,600  
Vostochno-Il'menskiy Zakaznik 9,463 protected area contained by site 9,463  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   5%
Grassland Humid grasslands  22%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Standing freshwater  65%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas  8%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 13%
fisheries/aquaculture 59%
forestry 5%
hunting 40%
tourism/recreation 15%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References A.L.Mischenko, O.V.Sukhanova

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Il'men and adjoining marshy plain. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife