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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 79o 56.00' East  35o 22.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 495,200 ha
Altitude 4,963 - 6,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located at the north-western tip of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, near to the Chinese borders with India and Pakistan. Aksayqin Hu is a large salt lake between the Kunlun Shan and Karakorum Shan mountains, with an area of 10,500 ha, which is fed by snowmelt and glaciers. The habitats in the IBA include grassland and salt desert around the lake shores.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Animals include Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthra uncia, Pantholops hodgsoni, Ursus arctos, Marmota himalayana, Ovis ammon, Equus kiang and Bos mutus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug unknown  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Aksayqin Hu and alpine grassland. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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