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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 88o 25.00' East  37o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 62,000 ha
Altitude 4,250 m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Aqqik Kol is a large high-altitude salt lake with an area of 36,000-38,000 ha, which is located between the Kunlun Shan and Altun Shan mountains. The lake is fed by snowmelt and glaciers, and there are freshwater streams and marshes in the vicinity.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthra uncia, Ursus arctos, Equus kiang, Ovis ammon, Marmota himalayana, Pantholops hodgsoni, and Bos mutus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug unknown  2008  present  A1  Endangered 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Aerjinshan Nature Reserve 4,500,000 protected area contains site 62,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Grassland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Aqqik Kol and alpine grassland. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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