|Location||China (mainland), Xinjiang|
|Central coordinates||89o 30.00' East 37o 30.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||3,876 - 4,100m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Site description Located 190 km south of Ruoqiang (Qarkilik) County and 750 km south of Urumqi. The IBA lies at the edge of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, and is a large salt lake adjacent to the Altun Shan and Kunlun Shan mountains. The area of the lake ranges from 51,000 to 65,400 ha, and it is fed by snowmelt and glaciers. The highest peak in the area is named Muztag (6,973 m). The freshwater Yixiekepati Hu lake in the eastern part of the IBA has extensive marshes, and is an important area for both wildlife and people.
Non-bird biodiversity: Forty-nine mammal species have been recorded in the area, including Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthra uncia, Ursus arctos, Equus kiang, Ovis ammon, Marmota himalayana, Pantholops hodgsoni, and Bos mutus.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Saker Falcon Falco cherrug||unknown||2008||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||unknown||2008||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis||breeding||2008||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus||winter||1988||5,000 individuals||unknown||A4i||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Aerjinshan||Nature Reserve||4,500,000||protected area contains site||125,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ayark Kol and alpine grassland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2016
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