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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 80o 0.00' East  37o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 280,000 ha
Altitude 1,200 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located 30-50 km north of Hotan City and 1,000 km south-west of Urumqi. The Karakax and Yurungkax rivers flow through the oasis, and join at the Hotan River to flow northward into the Taklimakan Desert. The IBA is an important passage area for birds.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Historical record of Panthera tigris, but it is now locally extinct. Other animals include Vulpes vulpes, Gazella subgutturosa, Euchoreutes naso and Dipus sagitta.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  2008  10,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hotan Oasis. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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