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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 80o 0.00' East  37o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 280,000 ha
Altitude 1,200 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Located 30-50 km north of Hotan City and 1,000 km south-west of Urumqi. The Karakax and Yurungkax rivers flow through the oasis, and join at the Hotan River to flow northward into the Taklimakan Desert. The IBA is an important passage area for birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  2008  10,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Other biodiversity Historical record of Panthera tigris, but it is now locally extinct. Other animals include Vulpes vulpes, Gazella subgutturosa, Euchoreutes naso and Dipus sagitta.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hotan Oasis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife