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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 77o 30.00' East  38o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 240,000 ha
Altitude 1,150 - 1,250m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located 160 km south-east of Kashi (Kaxgar) City and 1,050 km south-west of Urumqi. The IBA is on the lower Yarkant River, in a densely-populated agricultural area.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Animals include Vulpes vulpes, Gazella subgutturosa, Euchoreutes naso and Dipus sagitta.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Not Recognised 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  2008  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda winter  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Yellow-eyed Pigeon Columba eversmanni breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Markit-Yarkant Oasis. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife