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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 87o 30.00' East  40o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 750,000 ha
Altitude 780 - 960m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located 100 km south-east of Korla and 300 km south of Urumqi. The Tarim is the longest inland river in China, with a length of 2,300 km. Human activities have caused the lower course of the river to dry up, and the area is suffering from desertification.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: There were historical records of Panthera tigris, but it is now locally extinct. Other animals include Vulpes vulpes, Camelus bactrianus, Cervus elaphus and Gazella subgutturosa. The fish Aspiorhynchus laticeps also occurs.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Not Recognised 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  2008  10,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Shrubland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lower reaches of Tarim River. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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