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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 84o 50.00' East  41o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 387,900 ha
Altitude 900 - 950m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located 120 km south-west of Korla and 325 km south south-west of Urumqi. The Tarim River is the largest inland river in China, and the Populus euphratica forests along its banks form a green corridor in the desert. However, the intensive cultivation and development of its upper course in the Aksu area has caused water shortages and pollution, and affected the breeding and migratory birds.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Historical record of Panthera tigris, but it is now locally extinct. Other animals include Vulpes vulpes, Camelus bactrianus, Cervus elaphus and Gazella subgutturosa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Not Recognised 
Great White Egret Ardea alba unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Talimuhuyanglin (Tarim) Nature Reserve 395,420 protected area contains site 387,900  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Shrubland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife