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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 80o 30.00' East  42o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 237,600 ha
Altitude 2,000 - 7,435m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in the central part of the Tian Shan mountains, 90 km north of Aksu City and 600 km south south-west of Urumqi. The IBA has 15 mountains above 6,000 m and 509 glacier, including Mount Tuomuer (7,435 m) and Hantengri Feng (6,995 m), which are the highest and second highest mountains in the Tian Shan. The IBA is a breeding and staging site for birds.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Animals include Canis lupus, Panthra uncia, Ursus arctos, Vulpes vulpes, Cervus elaphus, Ovis ammon and Sus scrofa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tuomuerfeng Nature Reserve 237,637 is identical to site 100,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Tuomuer Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife