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Location China (mainland), Xinjiang
Central coordinates 87o 0.00' East  42o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 190,000 ha
Altitude 1,048 - 1,100m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Located 60 km east north-east of Korla City and 200 km south of Urumqi. Bosten Lake is the largest freshwater lake in China, with an area of 1,001 km2. The Karaxahar (Kaidu) River flows into the lake. There are extensive reedbeds and marshes around the lake, and it is an important breeding and staging site for birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus unknown  1950-1959  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  2008  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Not Recognised 
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus unknown  1998  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo unknown  2008  present  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2008  present  A4iii   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Other biodiversity There were historical records of Panthera tigris, but it is now locally extinct. Other animals include Vulpes vulpes and Sus scrofa.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bosten Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife